Hilda Must Be Dancing and Giraffes Can’t Dance, Compare/Contrast, cont - MindWing Concepts, Inc.

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Part 2: “Hilda Must Be Dancing” and “Giraffes Can’t Dance” — Compare and Contrast

by Sheila Zagula November 16, 2015 1 min read

Blank Perspective MapReview the two stories with the children using the narrative icons/map and present the Compare/Contrast Map on a white board (or chart paper, depending on your situation). I set it all up ahead of time.

Begin by explaining the map to the children.

Then, suggest that we start thinking of ways the two stories are the same/different using the SGM retelling icons.

Start with the Character icon.

Ask the children how Hilda and Gerald are the same/different.

White Board 1

Proceed, eliciting responses from the children using the icons and the narrative as a springboard to fill out the map.

 Compare-Contrast Showing Books

Model sentences using the information from the group map and using the words both, same, alike, different, unlike, and but. Write the sentences out and discuss the use of these words. This is an important step in oral expression, to develop the microstructure of a narrative.


Hilda is a hippopotamus but Gerald is a giraffe. Both Hilda and Gerald live in the jungle.

Compare-Contrast and Analysis

Compare-Contrast Words to UseThen, post these words in the class with the heading Compare/Contrast. (You may add to the list as the year progresses (e.g., however, similar, all).

Our next blog will focus on engaging children in Compare/Contrast Activities with Hilda and Gerald, student samples, and a FREE downloadable SGM Compare/Contrast for younger children!

Sheila Zagula
Sheila Zagula

Sheila Zagula works with MindWing Concepts in product development, drawing on her expertise and talents as well as many years of implementing the Story Grammar Marker® and related materials. Her teaching career spans thirty-eight years, most recently as literacy coach in the Westfield Massachusetts Public School System. Sheila has experience as an early childhood educator, a teacher of children with special needs, and a collaborative instructor within an inclusion framework serving children in grades K-5.

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