Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders demonstrate deficits in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors or interests. In addition, they often have unusual responses to sensory experiences, such as certain sounds or the way objects look. Each of these symptoms can range from mild to severe and will present in each individual child differently. Children and adults with Autism display an individual combination of communication, social, and behavioral patterns that fit into an overall diagnosis of ASD (National Institutes of Health). The disorders listed under the term ASD are:
Due to the increasing numbers of diagnoses, it is important that those in the teaching profession are aware of teaching strategies and alternative approaches to intervention with these individuals so that they can achieve their potential in the academic and social realms. MindWing Concepts' tools have been utilized and recommended for teaching this population of children and adolescents.
“Story-Based Intervention” was cited as one of eleven established treatments for Autism.”
Findings and Conclusions Report 2009, National Standards Project, United States National Autism Center
Story-Based (or Narrative) Intervention is needed when students experience difficulties using language to think, communicate and learn. The “narrative” (story) is the human mode of thought. The Story Grammar Marker® provides a concrete representation of the narrative episode. Stories are an integral part of social communication; they is how we share our ideas, plans, dreams, memories and beliefs in social interaction at school, home or work. Children can be assisted through the use of narrative development with MindWing’s Autism Collection and our Social Communication collection of tools to:
Narrative intervention is important to all students, but especially those who may have social communication, developmental or learning challenges.
Rooted in MindWing’s methodology, MindWing’s Autism Collection focuses on areas such as:
Maryellen Rooney Moreau recently wrote the article “One Potta Ti: Story-based Intervention for Children with Autism” for Advance which was published online at: http://speech-language-pathology-audiology.advanceweb.com/Speech-and-Language-Disorders/Features/Articles/One-Potta-Ti.aspx (YOU MUST LOG IN OR REGISTER TO READ THE ARTICLE). The article focuses on using narratives to support language use and emotional expression and introduces the concept of Cumulative Narrative Chunking™.
Cumulative Narrative Chunking™ facilitates the development of coherence and linguistic cohesion. The research-based narrative development sequence, initially presented in Chapter Four of It’s All About the Story!, is used as a basis for developing the Big Picture. In Facilitating Relationships!, the stages of narrative development are presented as “cumulative chunks” guiding our thinking and informing our instruction and intervention. Since the narrative is the social situation in life or storybook, the use of this cumulative structure assists us in deciding upon…
Just as the Stages of Narrative Development are useful for language/literacy assessment and intervention, Cumulative Narrative Chunking™ is powerful in the realm of social cognition as we assist children to gradually understand, express and discuss the elements of the “Big Picture.” Narrative language is also a vehicle to understand and express life’s events. These “narrative chunks” are designed to help students build the situation or story up in units rather than isolated details. As students progress, they are building competency in narrative language and thought. Simultaneously, they are building competency in both central coherence (Big Picture) and linguistic cohesion (Cohesive Ties). Through the use of Cumulative Narrative Chunking™, we are attempting to provide a concise way to:
…learn narrative structure,
…note your students’ ability levels,
…inform your instruction,
…track and keep track of progress.
Each of these Cumulative Narrative Chunks is an entity in itself. Each “chunk” is based on a Stage of Narrative Development (described fully in It’s All About the Story, Story Grammar Marker® manual and Braidy the StoryBraid® manual) the 7 Stages are:
Since the narrative chunks are cumulative they provide a model for building- up as well as breaking down a story or social situation. Practitioners and students become aware of this cumulative process as they collaborate to observe social situations and solve problems within them. They can be used to plan lessons and structure instruction or intervention with role play, picture books, videos, movies, TV shows, cartoons, chapter books, short stories or novels as well as videos of real life experiences or the social situation itself in real time.